Exams and Tests
Fasting blood glucose level — diabetes is diagnosed if it is greater than 126 mg/dL multiple times
Hemoglobin A1C test — Diabetes: 6.5% or more
Oral glucose tolerance test — diabetes is confirmed if glucose level is more than 200 mg/dL 2 hours after ingesting a special high sugar drink
Diabetes testing is suggested for:
Overweight kids who have other risk chances for diabetes, beginning at age ten and repeated every two years
Over-weight adults (if Body Mass Index is greater than 25) that have other risk chances
Adults over age forty-five every three years
If you have been shown to have type 2 diabetes, you will need to work very closely with your primary care physician. Most likely you will need to visit your primary care physician every three months. At the visits, you can expect your primary care physician to perform the following:
Check your blood pressure
Check the bones and skin on your legs and feet
Check if your feet are feeling numb
Check your eye’s health
The following tests will help you and your doctor monitor your diabetes and prevent problems:
Testyour blood pressure checked at least every year (blood pressure goals should be 140/80 mm/Hg or lower).
Test your A1C (hemoglobin A1C) everysix months if your diabetes is well controlled; if it is not then every three months.
Have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked yearly (aim for LDL levels below 70-100 mg/dL).
Get yearly tests to make sure your kidneys are working well (microalbuminuria and serum creatinine).
Visit your eye doctor at least once a year, or more often if you have signs of diabetic eye disease.
See the dentist every six months for a thorough dental cleaning and exam. Make sure your dentist and hygienist know that you have diabetes.